Sofiia Kafka, Larysa Halyuk, Olga Stepanyuk, Yuriy Chuchuk


Introduction. The article describes the concept of valuation of assets, liabilities and capital, as well as the presentation of the information received in the accounting and financial statements. Methods. Methods of structural and logical analysis, comparison and generalization of requirements of national and international accounting standards and current legislation are used in this article. Results. The economic content of the assessment of objects at the reporting date as an important methodological tool of accounting is in-depth. The principal difference between the fundamental principle of accounting - monetary valuation and evaluation as a procedure performed for the purpose of obtaining the real (fair) value of the property of the enterprise as of the reporting date is set out. The expediency of using historical value in current accounting and fair value is substantiated - when the information about the property of the enterprise in the financial statements is displayed. It has been proved that the assessment as one of the fundamental principles of accounting and assessment as a procedure that is carried out in order to obtain the real (fair) value of the property, liabilities and capital of the enterprise as of the reporting date should be distinguished. The expediency of using historical value in current accounting and fair value has been substantiated - when the information about the property of the enterprise in the financial statements is displayed. The assessment has been designated as the principle of accounting and as a procedure performed to establish the fair (fair) value of the property, liabilities and capital of the enterprise at the reporting date. To do this, the balance sheet proposes to reflect the results of their accounting for historical cost, and in the statement of financial position present information about the financial position, taking into account the fair value of assets, liabilities and equity as of the reporting date. Discussion. The difference between the indicators of these reports is recommended to be presented in the notes, accordingly, it will provide interested parties with reliable information about the financial position and will give reasons to recognize the extent to which the revalued methods of revaluation of assets, liabilities, capital and management effectiveness are used.

Ключові слова

accounting; assessment; financial reporting; accounting principles; fair value; accounting procedure

Повний текст:



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