ORGANIZATIONAL PRINCIPLES OF ENERGY SAVING IN AGRICULTURE

Vasyl Hradovyi

Abstract


Introduction. Energy saving in agriculture is a complex management process that requires the rational organization of technological and other related processes based on a systems approach. Methods. The article uses the theoretical provisions of management theory in the context of the organization of energy saving management in an agricultural enterprise. At the same time, general scientific methods are used, namely: monographic, abstract and logical, graphic. Results. Certainly, agricultural production is associated with the use of energy from nature, human labour and artificial energy. In the context of energy saving, artificial (exhaustive) energy is considered in terms of reducing its consumption in the production process. It is established that the provision of energy saving is due to rational organizational actions, which include: economic and energy audit, the formation of special measures, implementation of developed measures, monitoring of energy saving. The basis for ensuring these actions is the regulation of management processes in order to achieve a high level of energy saving. It is substantiated that energy saving processes in an agricultural enterprise take place in symbiosis with state and regional authorities, industry entities, as well as a group of stakeholders. At the same time, the coordination of all the system elements actions allows to achieve a high potential of interaction in the context of energy saving. In this case, it is important to identify the primary energy saving factor that initiates these processes and creation of an energy saving management system based on this factor. Discussion. The results of the study offer basic provisions for the development of the organizational structure of agricultural enterprises that implement the concept of energy saving.

Keywords


energy saving; energy efficiency; agriculture; organization; management

Full Text:

PDF>PDF

References


Serdiuk, T.V. (2005). Orhanizatsiino-ekonomichnyi mekhanizm enerhozberezhennia v promyslovosti : monohrafiia [Organizational and economic mechanism of energy saving in industry : monograph]. Vinnytsia : UNIVERSUM-Vinnytsia, 154, (in Ukr.).

Kovryha, V.V. (2002). Spozhyvannia palyvo-enerhetychnykh resursiv u silskohospodarskykh pidpryiemstvakh [Consumption of fuel and energy resources in agricultural enterprises]. Ekonomika APK [Economics of AIC], 1, 34-41. (in Ukr.).

Syzonova, I.V. (2005). Orhanizatsiino-ekonomichni osnovy enerhozberezhennia v silskomu hospodarstvi [Organizational and economic bases of energy saving in agriculture] : avtoref. dys. na zdobuttia nauk. stupenia kand. ek. nauk : spets. 08.07.02. Sumy. SNAU, 20. (in Ukr.).

Kalinichenko, O. V. (2018). Teoretychna sutnist katehorii «enerhetychna efektyvnist» ta «enerhetychna efektyvnist u roslynnytstvi» [heoretical essence of the categories “energy efficiency” and “energy efficiency in crop production”]. Ekonomika APK [Economics of AIC], 2018, 10, 86-95. (in Ukr.).

Iakovchyk, M. S. (2019). Enerhozabezpechennia i enerhoefektyvnist haluzi tvarynnytstva ta kormo vyrobnytstva [Energy supply and energy efficiency of livestock and feed production]. Enerhoefektyvnist ta enerhozberezhennia: ekonomichnyi, tekhniko-tekhnolohichnyi ta ekolohichnyi aspekty : monohrafiia [nergy efficiency and energy saving: economic, technical and technological and environmental aspects : monograph] / Kol. avtoriv; za zah. red. P. M. Makarenka, O. V. Kalinichenka, V. I. Aranchii. Poltava : PP «Astraia», 2019, 603, 193-201. (in Ukr.).

Ippolitova, I.Ia., & Sorokotiazhenko, K.S. (2015). Formuvannia orhanizatsiino-ekonomichnoho mekhanizmu enerhozberezhennia na pidpryiemstvbi [Formation of organizational and economic mechanism of energy saving at the enterprise]. Hlobalni ta natsionalni problemy ekonomiky [Global and National Economic Problems], 8, 406-411. (in Ukr.).

Havrysh, V.I. (2010). Upravlinski rezervy realizatsii stratehii enerhozberezhennia v ahrarnomu sektori ekonomiky. [Management reserves for the implementation of energy saving strategy in the agricultural sector of the economy]. Ahrosvit [Agriworld], 18, 19-21. (in Ukr.).

Ivanenko, V.F. (2015). Efektyvnist enerhozbererihaiuchykh tekhnolohii v ovochivnytstvi zakrytoho gruntu [The efficiency of energy-saving technologies in indoor vegetable growing] : dys. na zdobuttia nauk. stupenia kand. ek. nauk : spets. 08.00.04. K. : Ukrainskyi naukovo-doslidnyi instytut produktyvnosti APK, 186. (in Ukr.).

Nemish, P.D. (2014). Osnovy mekhanizmu enerhozberezhennia APK a yoho bahatohranna pryroda [Fundamentals of the mechanism of energy saving of agro-industrial complex and its multifaceted nature]. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Umanskoho natsionalnoho universytetu sadivnytstva [Collection of Scientific Works of Uman National University of Horticulture], 84, 256-264. (in Ukr.).

Hevko, B.R. (2016). Sutnist orhanizatsiino-ekonomichnoho mekhaizmu enerhozberezhennia na pidpryiemstvi ta yoho kontseptualna model [The essence of the organizational and economic mechanism of energy saving at the enterprise and its conceptual model]. Zbirnyk tsentru naukovykh publikatsii «Veles» za materialamy IV mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii: “Litni naukovi chytannia» [Collection of the center of scientific publications “Veles” based on the materials of the IV international scientific-practical conference: “Summer scientific readings”], m. Kyiv : zbirnyk statei. K. : Tsentr naukovykh publikatsii, 2016. 176. (in Ukr.).

Korol, O.M. (2012). Enerhoefektyvnist ahrarnoho sektoru svitovoi ekonomiky [Energy efficiency of the agricultural sector of the world economy]. Zovnishnia torhivlia: ekonomika, finansy, pravo [Foreign Trade: Economics, Finance, Law], 6, 59-64. (in Ukr.). Received: 11.02.2020 / Review 12.16.2020 / Accepted 12.20.2020




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35774/ibo2020.03.045

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Ліцензія Creative Commons"Scientific Club "SOPHUS"
State Agrarian and Egineering University in Podilya
Ternopil National Economic University